bear


bear
bear1 W1 [beə US ber] v past tense bore [bo: US bo:r] past participle borne [bo:n US bo:rn]
[T]
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
1¦(deal with something)¦
2 can't bear something
3 bear (something) in mind
4¦(accept/be responsible for)¦
5¦(support)¦
6¦(sign/mark)¦
7 bear a resemblance/relation to somebody/something
8¦(baby)¦
9 bear fruit
10¦(able to be examined/compared etc)¦
11 something doesn't bear thinking about
12 bear interest
13¦(carry)¦
14 bring pressure/influence to bear (on somebody/something)
15 bear witness/testimony to something
16¦(have feelings)¦
17 bear right/left
18 bear yourself
19¦(wind/water)¦
20¦(name/title)¦
Phrasal verbs
 bear down
 bear on/upon something
 bear somebody/sth<=> out
 bear up
 bear with somebody/something
▬▬▬▬▬▬▬
[: Old English; Origin: beran]
1.) ¦(DEAL WITH SOMETHING)¦
to bravely accept or deal with a painful, difficult, or upsetting situation
= ↑stand
She was afraid she wouldn't be able to bear the pain.
Overcrowding makes prison life even harder to bear.
Make the water as hot as you can bear .
The humiliation was more than he could bear .
Black people continue to bear the brunt of most racial violence (=have to deal with the most difficult or damaging part) .
Passengers could be insulting, and stewardesses just had to grin and bear it (=accept it without complaining) .
Experts were worried the financial system would not be able to bear the strain .
2.) can't bear sth
spoken
a) to be so upset about something that you feel unable to accept it or let it happen
= ↑can't stand
Please don't leave me. I couldn't bear it.
can't bear the thought of (doing) sth
I just can't bear the thought of having to start all over.
can't bear to do sth
I can't bear to see her cry.
can't bear doing sth
I couldn't bear not seeing him again.
b) to dislike something or someone very much, often so that they make you feel annoyed or impatient
= ↑can't stand
Oh, I really can't bear him.
He can't bear spinach.
can't bear sb doing sth
He can't bear people smoking while he's eating.
can't bear doing sth
I can't bear being cold.
3.) bear (sth) in mind
to remember a fact or piece of information that is important or could be useful in the future
= keep (something) in mind bear in mind (that)
Bear in mind that some of the children will need extra help.
4.) ¦(ACCEPT/BE RESPONSIBLE FOR)¦
formal to be responsible for or accept something
bear the costs/burden
Each company will bear half the costs of development.
Fares have gone up, perhaps to more than the market will bear.
bear the responsibility/blame etc
Developed countries bear much of the responsibility for environmental problems.
5.) ¦(SUPPORT)¦
to be under something and support it
= ↑hold
My leg was painful, and I wasn't sure it would bear my weight .
a tray bearing a bottle and several glasses
a load-bearing wall
6.) ¦(SIGN/MARK)¦
formal to have or show a sign, mark, or particular appearance, especially when this shows that something has happened or is true
= ↑have
The letter bore no signature.
a car bearing diplomatic license plates
The labels bear a yellow and black symbol.
The town still bears the scars of the bombings during the war.
The store bears the hallmarks (=it has the qualities) of a family-owned business.
7.) bear a resemblance/relation to sb/sth
to be similar to someone or something else
The child bore a striking resemblance to his father.
The things she says bear little relation to what she actually does.
8.) ¦(BABY)¦
formal to give birth to a baby
She might never be able to bear children.
bear sb a child/son/daughter
She bore him three sons.
9.) bear fruit
a) if a plan, decision etc bears fruit, it is successful, especially after a long period of time
Charles' diplomacy eventually bore fruit.
b) if a tree bears fruit, it produces fruit
10.) ¦(ABLE TO BE EXAMINED/COMPARED ETC)¦ [often in negatives]
to be suitable or good enough to be examined, compared, repeated etc without failing or being wrong
The production figures did not bear scrutiny .
We believe our pupils' results will bear comparison with any in Scotland.
The story is well known, but it certainly bears repeating .
11.) sth doesn't bear thinking about
used to say that something is so upsetting or shocking that you prefer not to think about it
The long-term consequences of a nuclear leak don't bear thinking about.
12.) bear interest
if a bank account, ↑investment etc bears interest, the bank pays you a particular amount of money for keeping your money in the account
13.) ¦(CARRY)¦
literary to carry someone or something, especially something important
The wedding guests arrived, bearing gifts.
The US Constitution states that the people have a right to bear arms .
14.) bring pressure/influence to bear (on sb/sth)
to use your influence or power to get what you want
Organizations such as unions can bring pressure to bear on governments.
15.) bear witness/testimony to sth
formal to show that something is true or exists
The empty workshops bear witness to the industrial past.
16.) ¦(HAVE FEELINGS)¦
formal to have a particular feeling, especially a bad feeling
bear (sb) a grudge
(=continue to feel annoyed after a long time)
It was an accident. I don't bear any grudges.
bear sb no malice/ill will etc
(=not feel angry)
He was just doing his job, and I bore him no malice.
17.) bear right/left
to turn towards the right or left
The road bears round to the right.
When you reach the fork in the trail, bear left.
18.) bear yourself
formal to walk, stand etc in a particular way, especially when this shows your character
She bore herself with great dignity.
19.) ¦(WIND/WATER)¦
literary if wind, water, or air bears something, it carries it somewhere
The sound of music was borne along on the wind.
20.) ¦(NAME/TITLE)¦
formal to have a particular name or title
He bore the name 'Magnus'.
bear down phr v
1.) bear down on sb/sth
a) to move quickly towards a person or place in a threatening way
Maggie looked up to see Neville bearing down on her.
a storm bearing down on the island
b) to behave in a threatening or controlling way towards a person or group
Federal regulators have been bearing down on campaign contributors.
2.) to use all your strength and effort to push or press down on something
bear on/upon [bear on/upon sth] phr v
to relate to and possibly influence something
the national policies which bear on these problems
bear /sth out [bear sb/sth<=> out] phr v
if facts or information bear out a claim, story, opinion etc, they help to prove that it is true
Evidence bears out the idea that students learn best in small groups.
bear up phr v
to show courage or determination during a difficult or unpleasant time
How has he been bearing up since the accident?
bear with / [bear with sb/sth] phr v
1.) bear with me
spoken used to ask someone politely to wait while you find out information, finish what you are doing etc
Bear with me a minute, and I'll check if Mr Garrard's in.
2.) to be patient or continue to do something difficult or unpleasant
It's boring, but please bear with it.
bear 2
bear2 n
[: Old English; Origin: bera]
1.) a large strong animal with thick fur that eats flesh, fruit, and insects
a mother bear and her cubs
2.) AmE informal something that is very difficult to do or to deal with
The chemistry test was a bear.
3.) be like a bear with a sore head
BrE informal to be rude to people because you are feeling bad-tempered
4.) technical someone who sells ↑shares or goods when they expect the price to fall
→↑bull

Dictionary of contemporary English. 2013.

Synonyms:

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bear — (b[^a]r), v. t. [imp. {Bore} (b[=o]r) (formerly {Bare} (b[^a]r)); p. p. {Born} (b[^o]rn), {Borne} (b[=o]rn); p. pr. & vb. n. {Bearing}.] [OE. beren, AS. beran, beoran, to bear, carry, produce; akin to D. baren to bring forth, G. geb[ a]ren, Goth …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bear — Ⅰ. bear [1] ► VERB (past bore; past part. borne) 1) carry. 2) have as a quality or visible mark. 3) support (a weight). 4) (bear oneself) behave in a specified manner: she bore herself w …   English terms dictionary

  • bear — bear; bear·a·ble; bear·baiting; bear·bine; bear·ish; bear·skin; bear·ward; bug·bear; cud·bear; for·bear·ance; for·bear·ant; for·bear·er; for·bear·ing·ly; for·bear·ing·ness; fore·bear; over·bear·ance; over·bear·ing·ly; bear·er; bear·ing; for·bear; …   English syllables

  • Bear — (b[^a]r), n. [OE. bere, AS. bera; akin to D. beer, OHG. bero, pero, G. b[ a]r, Icel. & Sw. bj[ o]rn, and possibly to L. fera wild beast, Gr. fh r beast, Skr. bhalla bear.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) Any species of the genus {Ursus}, and of the… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Bear — (b[^a]r), v. i. 1. To produce, as fruit; to be fruitful, in opposition to barrenness. [1913 Webster] This age to blossom, and the next to bear. Dryden. [1913 Webster] 2. To suffer, as in carrying a burden. [1913 Webster] But man is born to bear.… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • bear — bear1 [ber] vt. BORE, borne (see 3), bearing, bore, born [ME beren < OE beran < IE base * bher , to carry, bring > L ferre, Gr pherein, Sans bharati, (he) bears] 1. a) to hold and take along; carry; transport b) to hold in the m …   English World dictionary

  • bear — vb 1 *carry, convey, transport, transmit Analogous words: *move, remove, shift, transfer: hold, *contain 2 Bear, produce, yield, turn out are comparable when they mean to bring forth as products. Bear usually implies a giving birth to offspring… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • Bear — (engl. Bär ) steht für: Mount Bear, Berg in Alaska Tupolew Tu 95 „Bear“, ein sowjetischen Langstreckenbomber Mitglieder der Bear Community Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Bear (Arkansas) Bear (Delaware) Bear (Idaho) Bear (Washington) Bear ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • bear — / bar/ vb bore / bōr/, borne, / bōrn/, also, born vt 1: to physically carry (as an object or message) the right of the people to keep and bear arms U.S. Constitution amend. II …   Law dictionary

  • BEAR — (Heb. דֹּב; dov). In ancient times the Syrian brown bear, Ursus arctos syriacus, had its habitat within the borders of Ereẓ Israel; it was found in the forests of Lebanon until World War I and is still occasionally reported in Lebanon and… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • BEAR — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bear peut désigner : le nom breton du village de Bégard ; un terme en anglais pour : ours ou porter ; la ville de Bear, aux États… …   Wikipédia en Français


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